ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, October 21, 2021



The economy of Sikkim is linked with agriculture that serves as the source of livelihood and economic security of sizeable native population. The growth, however, has been restricted because of biotic and abiotic factors. It is estimated that over 80 per cent of the rural population depends on agriculture and allied sectors for economic, food, and nutritional security. The agriculture systems practiced in Sikkim are integrated in natures that have evolved through years of experimentation by the farmers. A marginal improvement in the lifestyle of the farmers has been witnessed with the adoption of modern technologies.

Sikkim State has some inherent strength that largely supports organic farming. The policies and programmes on organic farming, in tune with our natural endowment envisage making Sikkim a Model Organic State.

The march towards organic farming has led to substantial departmental intervention. A large number of initiatives have been taken by the Agriculture and Horticulture departments. 

» Comprehensive Report on Sikkim Organic Mission



Area, Production and Productivity in Sikkim 2017-18

Click on the crop name to see data from 2003-04 onwards

Crop Area (000’ hectares) Production (000’ tones) Productivity (kg./ha)
Rice 9.50 17.64 1856.24
Wheat 0.17 0.19 1079.26
Maize 38.46 67.97 1769.34
Finger Millet 2.47 2.55 1031.65
Barley 0.42 0.45 1072.64
Buckwheat 3.43 3.35 976.24
Pulses 5.35 5.10 954.21
Oilseeds 6.28 5.80 924.55

Source: Annual Reports, Food Security & Agriculture Development Department, Government of Sikkim


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Data from 2003-04 to 2017-18



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