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| Last Updated:: 23/02/2015

Sericulture


sericultureSericulture in Sikkim

(Source: Directorate of Sericulture, FEWMD, GoS)  

Over the period of time sericulture activities all across the state are gearing up in all dimensions thus could be described under the two main headings as per the nature i.e Commercial and Extensional activities. Commercial activities are related to silkworm rearings and nursery practices to generate benefit to stakeholders and revenue. Sikkim is bestowed upon with congenial climate for the sericulture and enjoys practicing three types of sericulture viz. mulberry, eri and muga culture in parallel. Consistent efforts are made in exploring sericulture potential through extension and developmental activities being carried out in the probable villages all across the state. At the same time augmentation of bare minimum need infrastructures are on priority.

Sericulture Commercial Activities: It is the main thrust area in sericulture which are being carried out simultaneously in two levels with a common objectives in the line of production and sale of sericulture produce at farm level. The agro-based sericulture begins with land related activities to grow silkworm food plants, and utilise the leaf crop in silkworm rearing to get the cocoon crops. These two-tire jobs are in a simultaneous order for mulberry, muga and ericulture for getting the final output in terms of cocoons. More the area more production under proper management could generate employment and revenue for the state and help improve economy. Infact the quantum and quality input always determine output and economy, and success are always interrelated. Thus, commericial activities are focussed on two main areas viz. to grow sufficient quantity of good quality silkworm food enabling to conduct silkworm rearings and of harvest cocoon crops for getting ultimate benefit of sericulture.

Extension and Development of Sericulture through CDP (CSS): 

» Sericulture Beneficiaries w.e.f 2009-10 to 2012-13 under CDP

The sericulture potentiality of Sikkim state has been under the process of exploration jointly by the State department and Central Silk Board Government of India, through launching a flagship programme called Catalytic Development Programme since mid of the 9th plan period. And over the years with consorted efforts from the both ends considerable success have been made in the state sericulture in generating employment through expansion in plantation area, augmentation of infrastructures, empowerment of skills and capacity of sericulture stakeholders. The State is much previledged to bring into practice of three kinds of Sericulture simultanuously through cluster approach in the most potential villages of three districts viz. East, South and West district respectively on collaborative approach. The achievements made in extension programme are as shown in the table below:

SN

 

DISTRICT COVERED NO. VILLAGE COVERED NO. OF STAKEHOLDERS IN EACH SECTOR
Mulberry Eri Muga Total
01. EAST 15 35 43 10 103
02 WEST 12 60 86 44 202
03 SOUTH 09 40 51 08 108
  TOTAL: 36 135 180 62 413

NB: Figure taking bench mark of CDP-2009

 

District-wise, Sector-wise 
Number of Silkworm Rearers
SN District
No. of Rearers
Total
Mulb.
Eri
Muga
01 East
22
23
05
50
02 West
42
42
29
113
03 South
19
21
08
48
  Total:
83
86
42
211

NB: Figure taking bench mark of CDP-2009

District-wise, Sector-wise 
Consumption dfls. in a year
SN District
No. of dfls. consumption in yr.
Total
Mulb.
Eri
Muga
01 East
5600
4800
1600
12000
02 West
9000
8600
6400
24000
03 South
5000
4000
2200
11200
  Total
19600
17400
10200
47200

 

District-wise, Sector-wise Cocoon Production Target - 2014

SN District Cocoon production target in yr.in kg. (muga in No.)

 

Total of mulb & Eri cocoon
Mulb. Eri Muga:
01 East 2800 336 48000 3136
02 West 4500 1228.6 192000 5728.50
03 South 2500 571.4 66000 3071.4
  Total 9800 2136.02 306000 11935.90

 

The progress made up to the completion of CDP-2009, with total area coverage at par with the number of stakeholders under three sectors is shown in table under:

SN District: Area: acre/family Rearing capacity/family/crop Cocoon production capacity/family/crop
Mulb. Eri Muga Mulb. Eri Muga
Mulb. Eri Muga
01. East
35
43
10
3500
64500
1000
1750
258
30000
02. West
60
86
44
6000
12900
4400
3000
774
132000
03. South
40
51
08
4000
7650
800
2000
307
24000
  Total:
135
180
62
13500
85050
6200
6750
1339
186000

NB: mentioned are the figures based on reality and facts with sericulture economy norms.

Financial Assistance: In support of tapping ample resources the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India has been consistent in funding the State government for all round development of sericulture in Sikkim through a scheme called Catalytic Development Programme by the Central Silk Board, Government of India. Several schemes are incorporated into this with financial assistance to the State government and stakeholders. The provision of financial assistance to the state department and stakeholders varies from scheme to scheme as 50% assistance are provided for development of government infrastructures and 80% to the stakeholders. Thus, remaining 50% and 10% of total cost in the respective schemes are to be borne by the state government, thereby leaving clear provision of 10% contribution from the individual stakeholders.

FUNDING POSITION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SERICULTURE IN SIKKIM:

Plan Period Year Allocation; 
Rs. in lakh
Expenditure; 
Rs. in lakh.
Remarks;
VIII Plan 1992-97 60.00 60.00 No provision for extension.
IX Plan 1997-02 210.00 210.00 CDP launched, Extensions in villages were under taken, infrastructures have been augmented in the Govt. farms. However, technical manpower became bottle neck in handling large area.
X Plan 2002-03 
2003-04 
2004-05 
2005-06
40.00 
26.00 
16.00 
20.00
40.00 
26.00 
16.00 
43.28
Total: 102.00  
XI Plan 2007-08 
2008-09 
2009-10 
2010-11 
2011-12
48.04 
32.28 
67.08 
124.192 
170.696
48.04 
32.28 
67.08 
--- 
---
U.C. Submitted. 
-do- 
-do- 
under progress U.C. submitted 
U.C. pending
Total: 442.29    
XII Plan 2012-13 45.59 --- under progress, 
U.C. pending

 

GOVERNMENT SERICULTURE FARM CUM NURSERY 
There are three prominent government sericulture farms each in three districts showcasing three kinds of sericulture practices in the State also catering the need of stakeholders. Every sericulture farm in the district bear great responsibility to play vital role in extension and development in the State.

SN Location Area Types of sericulture Manpower Infrastructure Position Remarks
Staff Worker Rhs. Grainage Quarter
01 Rorathang, East
13.2 hac.
03
02
2+11
02
01
02
 
02 Mamring, South
04.2 hac.
03
02
07
02
---
02
 
03 Chowki Rearing Namthang, South
0.10 hac.
01
-do-
-do-
01
---
----
 
04 Seri. Centre, Nagdhara, West
01.2 hac.
03
01
2+7
01
01
----
 
  Total
18.70
03
05
27
05
02
04
 

 

(i) Government Sericulture Farm cum Nursery in East Sikkim (Rorathang): This is the only farm cum nursery in East district located at Rorathang under the Rhenock constituency and same BAC. The distance from Rangpo town is 11 kms which is nearly 08 kms before Rhenock. At present this farm is functioning under the inchargeship of one Range Officer, two supervisors and 09 workers. Area-wise, this is one of the largests farm associated with the practice of mulberry, muga and ericulture. It is provided with bare minimum need of sericulture facilities to be undertaken on need base season specific activities identified as under:

  1. Mulberry, Eri and Muga silkworm rearings to compensate the farm maintenance cost.
  2. Commercial grainage operation, to meet up the muga and eri dfls. particularly for the autumn crop.
  3. Production of mulberry, kutmero planting materials and castor seed to support augmentation of silkworm food plants under the CAP in east district.
  4. Organise the residential farmers training and orientation programme.

 

(ii) Government Sericulture Farm cum Nursery in South Sikkim (Mamring): This is the second largets farm cum nursery in South district. Land and soil are suitable for sericulture, the infrastructure facilities are provided in the same line to carry out mulberry, muga and eri culture particularly commercial rearings to produce cocoons and planting materials of mulberry and kutmero, including castor seeds as per the requiremen of CDP in South district. It is running with 07 number of workers with one staff under the control of Assistant Director(Sericulture).

(iii) Government Sericulture Centre in West Sikkim(Nagdhara): This sericulture farm cum nursery at Nagdhara West Sikkim was created much later than two mentioed above, in a small plot of land measuring less than three acres on the roadside nearly 15 kms away from Jorethang towards Legsip in West Sikkim. Inspite of limitation in area, it is covered with greenary of mulberry, muga and eri food plants, with one office room, store house and provision of rearing 100 dfls. at a time. This sericulture centre is to cater the need of mulberry and muga planting materials, including castor seeds required under the CDP in West Sikkim, and to motivate the sericulture stakeholders through succesful practices. This centre is running under the inchargeship of one Blocl Officer (Sericulture), two supervisors however, the workers to be engaged as per the need with maximum limit of 07 manday.

(Source: Directorate of Sericulture, FEWMD, GoS)  

» Read about Sericulture Directorate Sikkim