JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use the Site in standard view. However, it seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. To use standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options.

| Last Updated:: 03/09/2022

Forest Resource

Forest is one of the richest natural resources of Sikkim. With luxuriant forest abounding in all part of state, Forestry has been the major land use in the State and 82.31% of the total geographical area of the State is under the administrative control of the State Forest Department. The total forest cover of the State as per the latest India State of Forest Report 2021 is 3341.03 (47.08%) and tree cover is 39 sq. km. Total forest and tree cover accounts to 47.63% of the total geographical area of the state.  The composition ranges from tropical Dry Deciduous Forests with Sal and its associates in the valleys of Teesta and Rangit to the Alpine Scrub and grassland in high altitude.
Forest cover map of sikkim

Forest and Tree Cover of Sikkim

Note:   In the State of Sikkim about 44 % of total geographical area is under Alpine pasture & scrub and under perpetual snow cover. Hence, in these areas, it would not be possible to bring the forest and tree cover. The area considered for the forest and tree  cover may therefore be excluding these areas.


JFMCs/ EDCs new

Forest Statistics (Source: Forest Survey of India, Dehradun) 
Forest Types of Sikkim

[Source: Joint Collaboration Project of Forest Deptt., Govt. of Sikkim and Regional Remote Sensing Service Centre, Kharagpur, Indian Space Research Organization, Department of Space, Government of India]


Sl no Groups Characteristic Species Altitude (mts) Places
1. Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest      
  Dillenia pentagyna
Dysoxylum floribundum
Gymnema arborea
Lagerostroemia patviflora
Shorea robusta
Toona ciliata
250-900 Rangpo Chhu, Sherwani,  Jorethang, Rangit
2. Sub-Tropical Forest      
    Broad Leaved
Albizia procera, Alnus
Bauhinia purpurea
Castanopsis indica, 
Macaranga denticulata, 
Michelia champaca,
Schima wallichii
1000-2000 Tong,Gyalzing, Sangklang Selem Chakung Chhu.
    Pine forests
Pinus roxburghii, Engelhardtia colebrookiana Quercus leucotrichophora 1000-1800 Gangtok, Gyalzing,     Rongli
3. Montantane Wet Temperate Forest      
    Broad Leaved
Acer campbellii, Engelhardtia spicata, Machilus edulis, Michelia cathcartii, Quercus lamellose, Taxus baccata 1700-2700 Chunthang- Lachung, Yumthang
ii)Mixed Coniferous
    temperate forest
Abies densa,         Acer campbellii,  Betula utiis, Rhododendron, arboreum,Abies densa, Taxus baccata,    Tsuga dumosa,     Larix   griffithianum 2700-3000 Lachen, Zemu, Yathang, Lachung
4. Sub-Alpine Forest      
  Abies densa,       Betula utiis,      Casiope fastigata, Rhododendron sp. Above 3000 Above Yathang
5. a)Moist Alpine      
i) Birch-
    Scrub Forest  
Betula utilis, Sorbus foliolosa, Rhododendron campanulatum, Above 3600 Thangu, Maiminchu
ii) Deciduous
    Alpine Scrub
Betula utilis,   Berberis sp.,  Lonicera sp.,        Rosa sp 3600-3900 Changu      Thangu  
iii) Dwarf
Rhododendron lepidotum Above 3600 Thangu
iv) Alpine pastures Allium, Anemone, Delphinium Above 4000 Chopta  Yumasong
b) Dry Alpine Scrub      
 i) Dwarf Juniperous scrub Juniperusrecurva J. wallichiana Above 3600 Chopta    Chhangu
ii) Dry alpine scrub Ephedra gerardiana, Meconopsis sp.,  Ribes sp. Above 4000 Chopta

Also See




Grazing control: The Government has imposed a ban on grazing within the Reserve Forest, Plantation areas and Water sources  areas with a view to encourage regeneration of forest resources, augment rural water supplies and develop degraded lands. The beneficial effects of this policy are already manifested in the form of improved supplies of water in the villages bordering the Forest areas, regeneration of degraded forest land and enhancement if overall natural resources status. A number of Gots have been removed and the cattle have been impounded & fined along with the wide publicity & awareness.